Check Out Our New Look

Film & TV Tax Credit Bill Passes First State Senate Hearing

By | Wednesday June 25, 2014 @ 10:38am PDT

Film & TV Tax Credit Bill Passes First State Senate HearingIt got a bit of a rockier ride than previous hearings but today legislation to expand California’s current $100 million Film and TV Tax Credit program was approved by the state Senate’s Governance and Finance Committee. In a 4-0 vote, the multi-sponsored Film and Television Job Creation and Retention Act now heads to the body’s Appropriation committee. If it passes there, the Act will go to the full Senate for a floor vote and soon after to Gov. Jerry Brown for a signature. Introduced in late February by Democrats Mike Gatto and Raul Bocanegra ad intended to halt the flood of production out of the Golden State in recent years, the Act was overwhelmingly passed by the state Assembly on May 28.

california state senate sealDespite big support from unions, studios, LA Mayor Eric Garcetti, regional film commissions and others, the Act did not however get a vote from committee chair Sen. Lois Wolk today. “Right now this is a blank check, I don’t like blank checks,” said Democrat Wolk after closing testimony from Gatto this morning in wolkSacramento. While changing the present program by allowing movies with budgets over $75 million and network pilots to be eligible for tax credits, the Act, also known as AB 1839, still doesn’t yet have a dollar figure attached to it. Something that Gatto says he expects to change in the coming weeks as … Read More »

Comments (3)

IATSE Petitions Gov. Jerry Brown To “Champion” Expanding Film & TV Tax Incentives

IATSE Petitions Gov. Jerry Brown To “Champion” Expanding Film & TV Tax IncentivesIATSE wants to flood Gov. Jerry Brown and Sacramento with letters urging an expansion of California’s $100 million Film and TV Tax Credit program. Last week the union sent out packages to members urging them to sign letters to two state Senate committees and the Governor to stop runaway production and pledge support and passage of the multi-sponsored Film and Television Job Creation and Retention Act. “We are in a fight to save our families and our livelihoods,” said the letter to Brown (read it here). “I respectfully ask you to be our champion and to save our iconic industry,” it adds. Though he takes money for his re-election from Hollywood moguls, Brown has refused to publicly state his support for a recent bill to expand the Golden State’s tax incentives to make them more competitive with other states, various Canadian and countries like the UK and stop jobs fleeing out of the home of Hollywood.

california-tax-credits3__120901092343__120929195413__131031165021__140602232905Introduced in late February by Democrats Mike Gatto and Raul Bocanegra,the state Assembly overwhelmingly passed the Act on May 28. While now allowing pics with budgets over $75 million and network pilots to be eligible for tax credits, the legislation, also known as AB 1839, still doesn’t yet have a dollar figure attached to it even though the state budget is now complete as of June 15. However, sources tell me a figure could be named in the next couple of weeks. The legislation is … Read More »

Comments (6)

DeadlineNow: California Primary Elections Offer Hope For Production Tax Credit Program (Video)

By | Wednesday June 4, 2014 @ 2:32pm PDT
Loading video...

The Politics Of Hollywood Tax Credits

Gov. Jerry Brown has been mum on whether he supports the buffed up California Film and TV Tax Credit Program bill that just passed the state Assembly, but others who strongly favor the legislation are alive and well after yesterday's votes were tabulated. Dominic Patten reports.

Related: Final Election Results: Wendy Greuel Concedes; Tax Credit Co-Sponsors Win; Patric Verrone Loses Senate Seat

Comments (2)

UPDATE: Final Election Results: Wendy Greuel Concedes On Congress Bid; Tax Credit Co-Sponsors Win; Patric Verrone Loses Senate Seat

Loading video...

The Politics Of Hollywood Tax Credits

Gov. Jerry Brown has been mum on whether he supports the buffed up California Film and TV Tax Credit Program bill that just passed the state Assembly, but others who strongly favor the legislation are alive and well after yesterday's votes were tabulated. Dominic Patten reports.

Voting boothUPDATED, 11:14 AM: Former DreamWorks executive Wendy Greuel has conceded after coming up short in her Congressional bid. The Democrat finished third in the race to succeed retiring long-time U.S. Rep. Henry Waxman, earning 17% of the vote compared with Republican Elan Carr (23%) and Democrat Ted Lieu (19%) in a crowded field of 17 candidates. Lieu and Carr will face off in the Nov. 4 general election for one of the wealthiest districts in the nation, and a district where Democrats from around the country have long come to raise money for their own races. The mostly coastal district includes heavily Democratic areas such as Santa Monica, Malibu, Westside Los Angeles, Beverly Hills and more conservative areas on the Palos Verdes Peninsula, and in Agoura and Calabasas.

Related: It’s Time To End Lottery For Calif. Tax Credit Program (Video)

Incumbent Assembly Democrats Mike Gatto and Raul Bocanegra, who co-sponsored legislation to expand California’s Film and TV Tax Credit Program, cruised to easy primary victories Tuesday and are likely to win re-election in November. Their film tax credit bill, which california-tax-credits3__120901092343__120929195413__131031165021was approved unanimously by the state Assembly last week, now moves on to the state Senate, and if approved there, it will go to the governor. Whether the budget-conscious Gov. Jerry Brown will sign it remains to be seen, though two years ago he signed a two-year extension of the program. In his race, Gatto got 67% of the vote against Republican challenger Todd Royal, who only got 33% in the heavily Democratic 43rd Assembly District. Bocanegra received 63% of the primary vote in the 39th District against fellow Democrat Patty Lopez (23%).

Related: Where Hollywood’s Union Jobs Are Going: The Runaway 3 States

Read More »

Comments (10)

UPDATE: HBO, City Of LA, & Unions Praise Passage Of New Film & TV Tax Credit Bill

Loading video...

Don't Play The Film & TV Tax Credit Blame Game

Production is flowing out of the home of Hollywood as politicians seek to expand California’s 5-year old $100 million Film and TV tax credit program. Next week, new applicants will be picked by lottery for the upcoming year. Deadline’s Dominic Patten explains while there is lot of blame to go around from the loss of jobs and the sad state of the industry in California, don’t blame Canada.

UPDATED, 3:18 PM: The California Film and Television Production Alliance has weighed in with its support for today’s Assembly vote to expand California’s $100 million Film and TV Tax Credit program. “California Film and Television Production Alliance logoThe strength of the unanimous vote demonstrates the Assembly Members’ clear understanding of the vital economic importance of the motion picture industry to California and their determination to return this state to a competitive position,” reads a statement from the coalition of guilds, unions, producers, small businesses and associations that promotes TV production in California. Its members include the Television Academy, SAG-AFTRA, CBS Studios, HBO, PGA, MPAA, DGA, Disney, more than 30 California cities and dozens of other groups. Read the full statement below the original post.

california-tax-credits3__120901092343__120929195413__131031165021__131112185634__140109040050__140219155328__140424175515__140501004243__140513170807PREVIOUSLY, 1:38 PM: It’s not yet the law of the state, but efforts to expand California’s $100 million Film and TV Tax Credit program took a legislative leap forward today. In the midst of a bill-passing frenzy, the state Assembly voted overwhelmingly for legislation that hopes to halt production flooding out of the home of Hollywood. Introduced in late February, the multi-sponsored Film and Television Job Creation and Retention Act drew 62 yes votes from Assembly members in the chamber with zero opposed. Another 9 votes were added to the bill afterwards, as the Assembly’s rules allow, bringing the total to 71. The state Assembly has a total of 80 members. 

Related: Where Hollywood’s Union Jobs Are Going: Call These States The Runaway 3

Read More »

Comments (11)

Proposed New Film & TV Tax Credit Bill Takes Second Step Forward In Sacramento

By | Tuesday May 13, 2014 @ 4:13pm PDT

california-tax-credits3__120901092343__120929195413__131031165021__131112185634__140109040050__140219155328__140424175515__140501004243As expected, the bid to expand California’s current $100 million Film and TV Tax Credit program passed its second legislative test in Sacramento today. The state Assembly Revenue and Taxation Committee voted 8-0 to move forward the multi-sponsored Film and Television Job Creation and Retention Act. The support comes as no surprise as the Committee is chaired by proposed legislation’s joint author Raul Bocanegra (D-Pacoima). AB 1839 now heads to the Appropriations Committee, which is chaired by its other joint author, Assemblymen Mike Gatto (D-Los Angeles). “At least 37 other states and jurisdictions have introduce incentive programs to take the

California State Capitalentertainment industry out of our own state of California,” said Gatto in committee testimony today. “I hope that Bill ADF 1839 will combat the national and international competition for production,” he added. “My joint author and I set out at the beginning to make the film tax credit not only larger and more sensible but also something that I think we could be very proud of and that which tried to solve a lot of the issues that both the state and the current tax credit are facing.”

Related: California Gov. Jerry Brown Still Mum On Film & TV Tax Credit Support
Read More »

Comments (5)

California Gov. Jerry Brown Still Mum On Film & TV Tax Credit Support

By | Tuesday May 13, 2014 @ 12:52pm PDT

Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu Meets With California Gov. Jerry Brown In San FranciscoGov. Jerry Brown today still wouldn’t commit to supporting an expansion of California’s $100M Film & TV Tax Credit program. “Certainly my office will engage in a lot of conversations on many issues like the movie tax credit,” he said today during a press conference in LA after he announced a revised proposed state budget that included a rainy-day fund, debt reduction, an increase in health care coverage and safeguarding teacher’s pensions. However, Brown’s revised budget didn’t have any increase to the state’s current $100 million Film and TV Tax Credit program.

“There’s a lot of things to talk about and certainly the topic you mentioned will be right there,” Brown said in response to a pair of Deadline’s questions, naming off several other state-funded programs outlined in his $156.2 billion budget. ”My job is to present a balanced budget dealing with the core services.” Brown said there undoubtably be a revised version of the revised budget before June 15.

Related: California Mayors Back Expansion Of State’s Film & TV Tax Credit Program

Read More »

Comments (16)

California Mayors Back Expansion Of State’s Film & TV Tax Credit Program

california-tax-credits3__120901092343__120929195413__131031165021__131112185634__140109040050__140219155328__140424175515__140501004243Efforts to expand California’s $100 million Film and TV Tax Credit Program got a boost today from LA Mayor Eric Garcetti and the mayors of the state’s nine other biggest cities. “Extending California’s film and television production tax credit program is a smart, prudent investment in California’s future and economic competitiveness” said Garcetti and the mayors of San Francisco Sacramento, Long Beach, Fresno, San Diego, Bakersfield, Santa Ana, Oakland and San Jose today in a letter (read it here). “In order to once again be competitive, California must put in place a meaningful, expanded credit that will bring back jobs, increase revenue, and support small businesses and vendors all across the state. Too much is at stake for the people of California to let this key industry slip away.”

Related:
Analyst Throws Cold Water On California Film & TV Tax Credit Expansion
Official Dodges Governor’s Stance On Film & TV Tax Credit

The desire of the 10 Mayors to curb runaway production was expressed in writing to Assemblymen Mike Gatto (D-Los Angeles) and Raul Bocanegra (D-Pacoima). The duo are co-authors of the multi-sponsored Film and Television Job Creation and Retention Act. Introduced on February 19, the legislation proposes allowing pics with budgets of more than $75 million and network pilots to now be eligible for state tax incentives, among other measures. In an attempt to make this a statewide issue and not just an LA matter, the act also proposes an additional 5% credit to productions shot outside Southern California. No dollar figure has been attached to the legislation, but figures in the realm of $300 million-$400 million have been advocated by industry leaders. Sources tell me a figure should be named sometime this month. Having been unanimously approved by the state Assembly’s Arts, Entertainment, Sports, Tourism, And Internet Media committee on March 25, the proposed act goes today to the Bocanergra-chaired Assembly Revenue and Taxation Committee for a hearing. Though he signed the last extension to the current program in 2012, Gov. Jerry Brown has not yet indicated whether he is in favor of expanding the program.

Related: New Film & TV Tax Credit Bill Unanimously Passes First Hurdle

Read More »

Comments (12)

Cold Water Thrown On California Film & TV Tax Credit Expansion By Non-Partisan State Analyst

By | Wednesday April 30, 2014 @ 6:07pm PDT

california-tax-credits3__120901092343__120929195413__131031165021__131112185634__140109040050__140219155328__140424175515Efforts to expand California’s $100 million Film and TV Tax Credit Program took a bit of a dousing today from the state’s Legislative Analyst Office. While not explicitly recommending nor rejecting the current legislation that’s moving through the state Assembly, today’s report says that “if the Legislature wishes to continue or expand the film tax credit, we suggest that it do so cautiously.” The 24-page report from the non-partisan office also takes a bigger-picture view that cast the “flagship” movie and TV industry as but one of many in the state in possible need of assistance. “Instead of approaching economic policy on an industry-by-industry basis, the Legislature may take actions that encourage all businesses to stay or relocate to California, such as broad-based tax reduction or regulatory changes.”

Related: New Film & TV Tax Credit Bill Unanimously Passes First Hurdle

The current program was introduced in 2009 in an effort to try to halt runaway production and lucrative challenges from states such as Georgia and Louisiana as well as Canadian provinces and countries like the UK.

Related: California Official Dodges Governor’s Stance On Film & TV Tax Credit

Today’s LAO report expresses doubt about the overall economic benefits of tax credits for the film and TV industry and whether they actually pay for themselves. It also worries about the “data limitations” on research to gauge the decline of the industry in the state is and warns against a “race to the bottom” with other states in terms of providing competing subsidies. “If a film project was attracted to the state because of the tax credit, and would not have otherwise filmed in the state, the economic benefit of the film is calculated based on how its spending trickles through the economy — a phenomenon called the multiplier effect,” points out today’s report. “However, the existence of a multiplier effect does not imply that the subsidy generates economic gains that are greater than its costs.” Read More »

Comments 38

California Official Dodges Governor’s Stance On Film & TV Tax Credit

california-tax-credits3__120901092343__120929195413__131031165021__131112185634__140109040050__140219155328Even as new legislation to expand and evolve California’s $100 million Film and TV Tax Credit Program weaves through the state Assembly, Governor Jerry Brown’s administration today refused to unequivocally come out in support of the effort. “I realize the tax credit is a concern,” said Kish Rajan, Director of the Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development to the concerned industry heavy crowd at the state Film Commission’s annual locations breakfast. “There are difficult political considerations,” added the appointed official indicating Brown’s lack of open support of the Kish_0425 -400X300widely co-sponsored and industry supported bill that was introduced on February 19. Rajan spoke Thursday before an audience at the W Hotel in Hollywood that included LA Film Czar Ken Ziffren, Film Commission Executive Director Amy Lemish, Disney/ABC’s Director of Production Finance Valerie Spiller, and reps from Film L.A.

Related: New Film & TV Tax Credit Bill Unanimously Passes First Hurdle In Sacramento

While naming no dollar amount yet, the anti-runaway production AB 1839 from Assemblymen Mike Gatto (D-Los Angeles) and Raul Bocanegra (D-Pacoima) aims to increase the figure available, remove ineligibility caps on pics with budgets of more than $75 million and TV pilots as well as put the program on a more stable footing. The bill unanimously passed its first test last month when the Assembly’s Arts, Entertainment, Sports, Tourism, And Internet Media committee voted in favor of it. Now, AB … Read More »

Comments (10)

California Pol Appeals to Jerry Brown to Expand Production Tax Credit Bill

Raul Bocanegra California Assembly manDiane Haithman is a Deadline Hollywood Contributor

Today at a California Film & Television Production Alliance rally in Sunland, CA, state assemblyman Raul Bocanegra (D-Pacoima), who co-authored the legislation for an increase in California’s $100 million Film and TV Tax Credit Program, called the crowd to action: “This will not be an easy lift. We’re going to have to tell stories. There are some folks in Sacramento who think this program doesn’t work, that it’s a giveaway (to California’s workers)”

After his speech before a crowd of 600 at Independent Studio Services, Bocanegra told Deadline that there is no dollar figure attached to the overhaul legislation for California’s $100 million Film and TV Tax Credit Program but its authors want the expansion to “be competitive with other states” and cited New York’s $450 million tax credit program. When asked if he seeks a similar figure for California, Bocanegra said “yes.”

Related: Bring Blockbusters Back to California With Increased Film Incentives, Says Film LA

Read More »

Comments 36

No New Film/TV Tax Credit Cash In Jerry Brown’s Budget

Center For American Progress Hosts 10th Anniversary ConferenceGovernor Jerry Brown may take moguls’ money for his upcoming re-election campaign, but it looks like he’s not planning on handing out any more cash to keep production in California. Despite improvement in the state’s once-dire financial situation, there was no mention today of any increase to the state’s current $100 million Film and TV Tax Credit program in Brown’s budget proposal. In fact, with one minor example, there was no mention of film or television at all in the 271 pages of the Governor’s $154.9B 2014-15 budget. Education, the environment and healthcare all saw big increases in the proposal that leaked Wednesday but nothing for Hollywood. As well, citing that “wisdom and prudence should be the order of the day,” the fiscally tight-fisted Governor also plans on slashing the state’s long-term debt by $11 billion over the next year and putting $1.6 billion in a rainy day fund for a future possible downturn.

Related: LA Mayor Plans To “Storm” Sacramento To Increase Film/TV Tax Credit

The Governor’s budget proposal kicks off an approximately six-month process in the state legislature as the Assembly and Senate. Much of those negotiations will occur during what is an undeclared but almost certain reelection campaign by Brown. Despite the Governor’s silence on the Film and TV tax incentives today, it is widely presumed that the program will see an increase by the time a final budget is put together, passed and sent to Brown’s desk for him to sign. Brown signed the last two-year extension to the production incentive program on September 30, 2012, the last day possible. The program is set to expire later this year and end in 2017.

Read More »

Comments 37

Governor Jerry Brown Talks Up California’s Revitalized Economy To Roomful Of Hollywood Heavyweights

Governor Jerry Brown talked about the promise of California and played up the state’s economic comeback during a campaign fundraiser Thursday at Disney Studio boss Alan Horn’s Bel-Air home. A mostly industry crowd of about 100 including Robert Downey Jr. and Larry Flynt turned out for the 6:30-8:15 PM event, which was put on by a Hollywood political patrician guard. Co-hosts included Jeffrey Katzenberg, Warner Bros’ Barry Meyer and Kevin Tsujihara, Fox’s Jim Gianopulos, Universal’s Ron Meyer, Paramount’s Brad Grey, Sony’s Michael Lynton and MPAA chief Chris Dodd as well as Steven Spielberg and David Geffen, though Geffen didn’t attend. All of the co-hosts had pledged to raise $54,440 each for Brown’s re-election campaign next year. Tickets for the event went from $5,000 to mogul-level $27,200. Details are sketchy about the exact amount of money raised Read More »

Comments (7)

Alan Horn & Other Studio Bosses Set Big Jerry Brown Fundraiser Next Month

His re-election is a year away and as much of a sure thing as anything can be in politics but Hollywood moguls unsurprisingly are already opening up their check books for Jerry Brown now. A $1,000 to $27,200 a ticket November 21 fundraiser for the Democratic incumbent has been scheduled at Disney Studios boss Alan Horn and his wife Cindy’s Bel Air home. Maybe the studio chieftains who are co-hosting the event will want to talk to the Governor about the state’s Film and TV tax credits program that everyone but he seems to want raised when it comes up for renewal next year. And make no mistake, this is an unofficial studio chieftains conference that even out shines the fundraiser Barack Obama had at Peter Chernin’s place in June. Warner Bros’ Barry Meyer and Kevin Tsujihara as well as Fox’s Jim Gianopulos, who was at the Obama event, Universal’s Ron Meyer, Paramount’s Brad Grey, Sony’s Michael Lynton and DreamWorks Animation’s Jeffrey Katzenberg all serving as co-hosts also with Steven Spielberg and David Geffen. Following up on his support last month of a Hollywood visit by Kentucky Secretary of State Alison Lundergan Grimes to raise money to challenge Senate Minority leader Mitch McConnell, this is another move by Katzenberg positioning himself as a big donor for the midterms like he did for last year’s Presidential … Read More »

Comments (2)

UPDATE: 28 Projects Make First Cut In State’s $100M Production Tax Credit Lottery

UPDATE, 5:22 PM: The lottery is over and 28 projects were selected today for this year’s California’s $100 million Film and TV tax credit program. That’s even with the 28 projects that were initially approved on June 1, 2012 in last year’s lottery. The doors closed Monday at 3 PM at the Film Commission’s office on Hollywood Boulevard with the last few applicants getting their submissions in under the wire. Soon afterwards, the random picking process began. A total of 380 projects were submitted between 9 AM and 3 PM today before the deadline. That’s a record for the program since it was introduced in 2009. The previous high was the 322 projects submitted last year for 2012’s $100 million allocation. A Deputy State Fire Marshal actually picked tickets out of a cylinder built for just such a lottery purpose. Each ticket had an allocated number on it that each submitted project was given Monday. All the remaining projects will now go on a waiting list in case approved film or TV projects drop out or have production or scheduling delays and lose their place and credits. Though 28 projects were first approved last year, the total figure that actually received tax credits actually ended up being 75. Today’s approved figure could also change as the Commission conducts a more thorough review of the projects. This year’s initial successful applicants will be contacted tomorrow. A full list of the features, miniseries, MOWs and TV series that were awarded a portion of this year’s $100 million and how much they received is expected Tuesday afternoon. Keep your fingers crossed Hollywood.

Related: Governor OKs $100M Film-TV Tax Credit Until 2017

PREVIOUSLY, 2:05 PM: There’s less than an hour left if you want to take a chance at getting a piece of this year’s $100 million California film and TV tax credit program. The state Film Commission is accepting applications until 3 PM PT at its Hollywood Boulevard offices for this year’s lottery, and then Lady Luck works her magic. “At 3 PM we’ll close the door so that we can conduct our lottery with assistance from the Deputy State Fire Marshal” who adds another layer of transparency to the process, Film Commission executive director Amy Lemisch told me today. “The lottery ensures credits are distributed fairly”. Once the $100 million is used up, remaining projects that didn’t receive funding will be put on a waiting list. That list isn’t quite the purgatory one might think: If already-approved projects drop off due to scheduling or production delays, those on the list will take their place and credits. Last year, 28 projects initially won a piece of the up-to-25% tax credit program. Read More »

Comments (11)

California Film Tax Credit Extension Signed

Gov. Jerry Brown signed a bill late last night that adds one year to the California Film & Television Tax Credit Program. Assembly Bill 1069 had been pared down from its original language that sought a five-year extension. Now, the program is ensured through 2015. It’s worth $100 million annually and was enacted in 2009 (signed by then-Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger) to prevent runaway production to other states — and Canada — offering better incentives, though the program has been a tough sell in Sacramento as other state programs face substantial cuts to offset massive state debt.

Comments (0)

California OKs Only One-Year Extension Of Film-TV Tax Credits

By | Saturday September 10, 2011 @ 3:15pm PDT

Passing legislation in the California Legislature is always tedious what with all-night marathon sessions and hundreds of bills in a rush to pass before lawmakers adjourn for the year. So it was semi-miraculous that the tax breaks for California film and TV production received the OK — even if it was scaled-back, pared-down legislation. After passage of Assembly Bill 1069 by the Senate early today, the extension goes to Governor Jerry Brown for pro forma signing. This continuation of  California’s showbiz incentive program was cut down from 5 years to just one year by the state Senate Appropriations Committee. It’s not the hoped-for 5-year extension of the $100M-per-annum Film & Television Tax Credit Program. That time element could still be OK-ed next year, despite the state’s $9B budget shortfall, because of the need to halt runaway production and compete with other states offering similar or greater tax breaks to film/TV producers. The program has brought $3.8B in economic output and supported 20,040 jobs since its inception in 2009.

Comments (9)

Study: California’s Film And TV Tax Credit Program Paying Off Economically

By | Tuesday June 28, 2011 @ 2:24pm PDT

A study of the impact of California’s Film and Television Tax Credit program shows that it has generated more than $3.8 billion in economic output and supported 20,040 jobs — good for labor income of $1.4 billion — in the state since being enacted in 2009 to curtail runaway production. The report, released today by the Los Angeles County Economic Development Corp, estimates that the activity will return to state and local governments $201 million; for every tax-credit dollar allocated under the program at least $1.13 in tax revenue will be returned, total economic activity in the state would increase by $20.11 and labor income would grow by $7.41. The LAEDC used numbers from the program’s first 77 approved productions, which received credits totaling $198.8 million from expenditures totaling $970 million. They include 34 feature films, which snapped up more than three-quarters of the program’s allocated credits, 22 indie films and six new TV productions (the credit is only applicable to new — not existing — TV projects). The report is timely: California Gov. Jerry Brown has asked for major cuts in such programs to help pass a state budget that would close a $9.6 billion deficit. After a compromise with state Democrats earlier today, a new budget could be voted on as early as tonight ahead of a July 1 deadline.

Comments (18)