The 16th annual “Celluloid Ceiling” report released today comes with this warning: “The employment of women working in key behind-the-scenes roles in film continues to stagnate.” The findings of San Diego State University’s Center for the Study of Women in Television and Film reflect a state of “gender inertia,” says the org’s executive director Dr. Martha Lauzen. The report shows that women accounted for just 16% of directors, writers, executive producers, producers, editors, and cinematographers working on the 250 films with the highest domestic grosses in 2013. That figure is 2% lower than in 2012, and 1% lower than findings of the inaugural study in 1998. It also comes a year after Kathryn Bigelow‘s Zero Dark Thirty was nominated for a Best Picture Oscar and a handful of years after she won the Academy Award for Best Director for The Hurt Locker.
The center analyzed behind-the-scenes employment of 2,938 individuals and found that women accounted for just 6% of all directors working on the top-grossing films of last year, a 3% drop from 2012. (With foreign films included, the 2013 director figure is 8%.) The number of female producers remained the same from 2012 to 2013 but did increase 1 percentage point to 25% from 1998. The percentage of cinematographers also increased from 2% in 2012 to 3% in 2013.